Plum varieties Mashenka: characteristics and features of cultivation
Plum Mashenka is familiar to many experienced gardeners, because this variety has many indisputable advantages, among which exceptional endurance is far from the last. Read more about how to plant a plum tree and how to care for it later in the article.
Plums Mashenka - the result of the work of Russian breeder Yagunov V. P .; plums were named after the granddaughter of the originator. The variety was bred in 2006 in the Vladimir region. The variety is common in all southern, central and northern regions.
Did you know? Queen Elizabeth II of England, every morning, without exception, eats two plums for breakfast.
Before planting seedlings in your area, pay attention to whether the characteristics of the tree and its fruits are suitable for you.
The trees are medium-sized, grow up to 3–3.5 m. The crown has a round-pyramidal shape. There are not many branches in the crown, however, they are densely dotted with fruits - such fruit trees are called colony-shaped. Green leaves; the sheet plate is flat, concave, oval-pointed in shape. In early May, double white flowers bloom on the branches.
The fruits are medium in size, rounded in shape. The mass of one plum is 30–35 g. The skin is thin, purple with a touch of red. The color of the pulp is yellow. The bone is easily separated from the pulp. The taste is sweet with a slight acidity.
Characteristic features of the variety
Plum Mashenka has its own remarkable characteristics. Given them, the gardener determines for himself the merits and demerits of the variety.
Winter hardiness and disease resistance
Trees under consideration can be planted in different climates. Russian agronomist V. V. I. Susov calls Mashenka one of the most winter-hardy varieties. Along with this, plums of this variety are highly resistant to diseases and pests. Fear should only fruit rot and powdery mildew.
Did you know? Plum pudding is a traditional British treat prepared for Christmas. Each English family passes its family recipe from generation to generation.
Pollination and fruit ripening dates
For fruiting, culture needs pollinators. According to the experience of gardeners, any outbred plums growing in the neighborhood can cope with this task. Agronomists advise planting nearby varieties Mayak, Renklod, Skorospelka red, In memory of Timiryazev.The first crop ripens 3 years after planting. Masha's ripening periods are average - fruiting begins in the second decade of July.
Plum trees of this variety bear fruit annually. The yield of one tree is 35–45 kg of plums.
Check out these medium plum varieties such as:
Growth and fruiting activity depend on growing conditions. You should think about them even at the stage of choosing a place for landing.
- Sour soil to plums Mashenka is not suitable - it is necessary to choose places with neutral soil.
- The substrate should be light loamy or clayey.
- For good yields plum tree needs a lot of sunlight. Avoid shaded areas near tall trees or buildings.
- It is also necessary to protect the plant from sudden wind flows - drafts often break branches. When landing, choose a place that is not too blown by the wind.
Rules for planting young seedlings
Masha's plum is planted between late March and early April. By this time, the air should warm up to about + 10 ° С. Site preparation begins in the fall six months before planting. To do this, dig a landing pit 0.8 m wide and 0.6 m deep.During mass planting in a row between trees and rows, they maintain a distance of 3.5–5 m.
The pit should be fertilized with a nutrient mixture of 1 bucket of fertile soil (the top layer of the earth, taken out by digging the pit), 3 buckets of humus, 30 g of potassium sulfate, 250 g of superphosphate and 300 g of hydrated lime.
Important! Pay attention to the climate and weather forecast. In the northern regions, landing can be done later, when the air warms up to the required levels.
In spring, when it is time to land, proceed as follows:
- Drive a stake into the pit at a distance of 15 cm from the center.
- Place the seedling in the center of the pit on the south side of the stake.
- Spread the root system.
- Fill the landing pit with soil so that the root neck is 3-4 cm above the ground.
- Pour a seedling of 40 liters of water.
- Mulch the trunk circle with peat or sawdust.
How to care for a tree
The level of productivity is primarily affected by the quality of care for the plum tree. This is important for the Mashenka variety, despite its resistance to adverse factors.
Watering and fertilizing
In the first 2 years of life, irrigation plants are carried out once every 1.5 weeks during the entire growing season. Each time, 40 liters of water are poured under the trunk. The grown plums are watered every 2 weeks with 50 liters under a tree. Fertilizing in the first 2 years does not apply - for this period there is enough fertilizer applied to the planting pit.
Important! Yellow or fading leaves are a symptom of excessive soil moisture. At the first manifestations, moderate watering.
Next, the plant is fertilized according to the following scheme:
- before flowering - ammonium nitrate at the rate of 1 tbsp. l on 1 m²;
- when flowering - a solution of potassium sulfate and urea (2 tbsp. Of each drug per 10 liters of water);
- when tying plums - a solution of nitroammophosphate (3 tablespoons per 10 liters of water);
- at the end of fruiting - 3 tbsp. superphosphate.
After each watering, when the soil absorbs moisture, it needs to be loosened. The deadline is the day after wetting the soil. Otherwise, the earth may take a hard crust. Weeds are removed as they grow. It is convenient to do this while loosening.
The first pruning is necessary immediately after planting - the tree is cut so that the trunk remains 0.7 m high. In autumn, the seedling is shortened by a third, the side branches are cut by two-thirds.Pruning plum-shaped plum. In subsequent years in the spring, frozen and broken shoots must be removed. Branches directed inward are also removed to form and dissolve the crown.
Masha tolerates frosts well, but plants are better insulated for the winter. This is especially true for young plums in the first 3-5 years of life, when the trees are only just adapting to external conditions. For winter warming, the trunk should be wrapped in dense burlap or covered with hay. The earth around the trunk should be covered with snow, raking it from other areas - it retains heat well.
From the branches you need to regularly shake off the adhering snow, as necessary, so that they do not break under its weight. So, among the advantages of the Mashenka variety are excellent resistance to frost and disease, unpretentiousness in care and high taste qualities of the crop. With proper planting and proper cultivation, the gardener will not have any problems with the culture.