Features of planting and care of the apple variety Marat Busurin
The variety of apples Marat Busurin ripens in the fall and is stored for a rather long time. Learn more about the features of this species, so that, using the recommendations given in the article, grow this tree in your garden.
Variety selection history
This variety was bred in 1998 thanks to the crossing of the apple tree Autumn Joy and the American donor model SR0523. Selection work was performed at the All-Russian Technological Institute by the employee of this institution V.V. Kichina. And in 2001, Marat Busurin was introduced into the State Register.
Biological features of the apple tree Marat Busurin
This variety has a number of distinctive properties, thanks to which it quickly appealed to gardeners. Let us consider in more detail the characteristics of this tree.
Description of the tree and fruits
The apple tree is one of medium-sized, has a spreading crown. The branches are covered with dark gray bark and grow perpendicular to the trunk. The tree is considered a natural semi-dwarf and grows up to 3 m in height. The foliage is green with a yellow tint, the leaf is slightly curved along the central vein.
The fruits are medium, with a slightly pronounced ribbing at the base, covered with a thin and dense glossy peel of white color with red stripes that occupy a third of the surface. Weight of 1 apple - from 100 to 250 g. The pulp is white, juicy, has a sweet and sour dessert taste.
Did you know? Under the peel of vegetables and fruits, including apples, focused the bulk of the useful elements therefore, it is recommended to eat unpeeled fruits.
Flowering and fruiting season
Apple tree Marat Busurin blooms in spring with large pink and white buds. This is a self-pollinated variety, since the flowers have both pistils and stamens. The ovary is formed in the 4th year of a tree's life. Productivity is increasing and reaches 130 kg from 1 tree. Ripening apples occurs in late August and September.
Resistance to disease
Trees of this variety are resistant to scab, as well as powdery mildew.
But, despite this, there are a number of threats to the normal development of apple trees:
- Aphid. This pest eats plant sap, as a result of which the foliage withers and falls. There is a natural way to deal with this pest - to plant ladybugs on a tree that eat aphids. Or you need to treat the apple tree with a 3% solution of malathion or nitrofen.
- Mole. Her caterpillars eat foliage during the flowering period. To solve the problem, it is necessary to pre-process the landing with a 7% chlorophos solution. They hold an event before the buds bloom, immediately after the flowering of the culture.
- Root cancer Disease of a bacterial nature: tissues are affected due to damage to the roots through which pathogens enter the body of the plant. After this, the wound grows, and the seedling dies. The disease is controlled in this way: before planting, the rhizome of a young plant is treated with 1% solution of copper sulfate, and then washed with water.
How to choose and plant an apple tree
It is necessary to seriously approach the planting of young apple trees, because the further productivity of the planting depends on this. Only healthy 1–2 year old seedlings are suitable for planting. In addition, you should choose a suitable place, prepare it correctly and carry out the procedure itself.
Important! You can not plant young seedlings affected by cancer, as they will not take root. Such plants are best burned.
For planting an apple tree, Marat Busurin is suitable for both the autumn and spring season. In the first case, the procedure is carried out before the onset of cold weather, and in the second - after the snow melts and the earth warms up.
Preparing a suitable landing site
A smooth, well-lit and not subject to drafts place is assigned under the apple tree. Best trees develop on chernozem soils of loose structure.It is also necessary to take into account the level of occurrence of groundwater: they should not wash out the roots, which are located 1.5 m deep.
Process and scheme
The landing process itself includes the following steps:
- Dig a hole: this should be a recess measuring 70 × 60 cm. Separate the upper and lower layers of the dug up soil.
- Make a Nutrient Blend. To do this, mix the upper part of the earth with humus in the amount of 1-2 buckets, 600 g of superphosphate and 300 g of potassium chloride.
- Prepare the pit. Drive a wooden stake in the center, which will support the young plant. From a mixture of soil and fertilizers, form a knoll in the hole, which is covered with a layer of ordinary soil with a thickness of at least 5 cm.
- Plant a seedling. Place the tree on a knoll, spread its roots and fill the free space with earth without fertilizers. Gently compact the ground.
Important! The rhizome of a young tree should not touch any nutrients, as this can lead to burns and, as a result, death of the apple tree.
After planting an apple tree in an open area, it remains only to follow the agricultural technology of this variety.
Soil care, fertilizing and watering the tree
Top dressing of young plantings begins after the 3rd year of growth. In autumn, near-stem circles of such plants are sprinkled with small peat or humus. This is necessary not only to feed the soil, but also to protect the rhizome from low temperatures. Mature trees are fed 4 times a year.
During the formation of buds per 1 tree, use:
- 500 g of urea;
- 30 g of saltpeter;
- 5 buckets of humus.
Active substances are added for digging around the entire perimeter of the crown. For feeding during flowering, a solution is prepared per 10 liters of water:
- 100 g of superphosphate;
- 1.5 liters of chicken droppings;
- 0.5 buckets of manure;
- 300 g of urea.
Important! Liquid fertilizers are used only in dry weather, since precipitation significantly reduces the concentration of nutrients introduced into the soil.
The consumption for 1 plant is 4 buckets. After the tree fades, it is necessary to carry out the next stage of feeding.
To do this, use:
- 500 g nitrofoski;
- 100 liters of water.
There are 3 buckets of mortar per tree. And in conclusion, you need to prepare the apple tree for winter. For this, after harvesting, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied.
On 1 m² you need:
- 1 tbsp. a spoon of potassium;
- 2 tbsp. tablespoons of granular superphosphate;
- 1 bucket of water.
Watering of apple trees begins in the spring, before buds open. Young trees are watered weekly at a rate of 15-20 liters per unit, and adult apple trees - during fruit setting.
Complete the cycle during the period of mass ripening of apples. On average, about 5 buckets of water are used per adult tree. After each irrigation, it is necessary to loosen the soil in order to saturate it with oxygen.
Like any fruit tree, the apple tree Marat Busurin needs regular pruning of the crown. These manipulations allow you to correctly distribute the forces of a growing tree. In the early years of growth, the crown is formed according to a sparse-tier scheme.
At the beginning of spring, all branches are cut, which grow at an acute angle with respect to the trunk. The remaining ones are tied so that the shoots are perpendicular to the main shoot.
Protection against colds and rodents
The variety is resistant to low temperatures. However, gardeners recommend a series of measures aimed at protecting the apple tree from external factors in the winter. To do this, the tree trunk needs to be wrapped with roofing material, which will protect the plant from attacks of rodents, as well as from low temperatures.
Did you know? The longer apples are stored, the richer their color becomes
Harvesting and storage
Begin picking apples of this variety in late summer and continue until mid-September. Due to the strong peel, the fruits are well stored and transported.Remove the apples with the stalks, pack each fruit in parchment, and then put it in a container. A ventilated wooden or plastic container is best suited for storage.
You need to store the crop in a dark place with a temperature index of +1 ... + 5 ° C, where fruits can lie for 4–5 months. Now you know everything about the semi-dwarf autumn cultivar Mart Busurin. These apple trees are unpretentious enough to care for, and the fruits have high palatability, in addition, they can persist until the New Year.