Landing calendar for 2019 the gardener and gardener for Siberia
The lunar calendar is an important aid in the agricultural sector, but you need to compile it separately for each region, due to the time difference in time zones. In the article, we consider a calendar compiled for Siberia for 2019.
What should a gardener and gardener do in 2019?
For each season, summer residents and farmers have their own front of work. Successful harvesting of vegetable and fruit crops depends on how competently tasks are distributed.
The winter months are mainly reserved for the preparation of greenhouses, site inspection and snow removal from tree branches and bushes.. Branches must be regularly freed from snow flooring, otherwise the shoots will break under its weight. Given the climate of Siberia and the Urals, in the first months of winter, crops are not carried out. In January, inspect the greenhouses, conduct cleaning before sowing, prepare beds. Inspect the seed collected in 2018. February begins with crops for seedlings of early ripe crops, vegetable and flower. At this time, buy soil, missing seeds, fertilizers.
Spring begins with preparatory work on the site: drainage, preparation of planting holes. At the end of March, in warmer areas of the region, winter-hardy crops (root crops, tree seedlings, flowers) are planted in open ground. At the end of March, in April, the first feeding of already growing trees and shrubs is carried out, the soil is loosened, compost pits are checked. Sowing for seedlings and planting on beds continue, in greenhouses they carry out watering, weeding and top dressing.
In May, in addition to ongoing sowing, there are tasks for pinching, transplanting in open ground, garter tall crops. In the spring, the first preventive spraying from pests and diseases is also carried out.
Summer is a time of active growth, along with cultivated plants, weeds are rampant. It is important to constantly inspect the beds and remove herbs parasites that inhibit vegetables. The summer months bring the first harvests of herbs, early vegetables and berries.
Also planting of late cultivars continues. Work is underway on top dressing, watering, and the prevention of pests and diseases. Many plants produce seeds that are prepared for storage and subsequent sowing. In the summer, fruit trees and bushes can be planted, transplanted to a permanent place, rooted seedlings.
The end of summer, the beginning of autumn, is a good time for the reproduction of many plants. Enough work in the garden for pruning, cleaning the beds from which the crop has already been harvested.
In September, perennial crops are planted for winter:
- some fruit trees;
- bulbous and tuberous.
Cellars are being revised and prepared for long-term storage of vegetables and root crops. Compost material is procured. At the end of autumn, a general cleaning of the soil is carried out in the areas, washed and cleaned in greenhouses. Prepare premises for storing garden tools, conduct an audit of fertilizers and preparations to protect crops from insects and diseases. Shelter plants are freed from supports, cut off if necessary and covered with agromaterials. Usually, snow is already falling in Siberia at the end of autumn; it is advisable to warm it up for wintering to protect it from freezing.
Did you know? In the early 2000s, an ancient complex was discovered in Scotland, which is a lunar calendar. According to studies, ancient people used it from about 8000 about the year BC. e.
Favorable and unfavorable days for the gardener and gardener in 2019
In addition to sowing work or procedures for transplanting seedlings, an adult plant to another place, the garden and the garden are full of other activities:
- top dressing;
- preventive treatments;
There are also favorable days for these works and those in which it is better not to carry out any procedures.
So, the 2019 calendar for crop care:
|Recommended days:||Adverse days:|
Important! According to astronomical data, in January 6, July 2 and December 26 there will be a solar eclipse in 2019, and the lunar eclipse will take place on January 21, from July 16 to July 17. These days you should not carry out any work, even preparatory.
How do lunar phases affect planting plants in Siberia?
Each phase of the moon exerts its influence on the plant world of the Earth. For successful crop cultivation, plant behavior during these periods must be considered.
During the growth period of the young moon, there is an active movement of juices in the ground tissues of plants. In the first days after the new moon, watering and loosening, weeding and top dressing are carried out. Remove diseased plants with subsequent disposal.
Together with the growing luminary, greenery grows on the ground, so at this time it is good to plant crops whose fruits ripen above the ground:
- fruit trees and bushes;
Closer to the full moon pick ripe berries and fruits, vegetables. Seeds are selected and harvested for the next year.
With a decrease in the lunar disk, juices and moisture from the terrestrial parts of the plants move to the root system. In the waning phase, it is recommended to plant root crops, tuberous and bulbous plants. During this period, our ancestors planted potatoes, which gave large and high-quality crops.
Important! In the days of the full moon or new moon, any work with plants is not recommended. It is strictly forbidden to carry out sowing and planting or transplanting these days.
During the decreasing period, the root system of perennials needs good nutrition. Crops that produce land crops feed on the sheet. Watering young seedlings should be moderate, otherwise the plant may rot. In the phase of the waning moon, closer to the new moon, harvesting root crops and tubers is carried out. This is a good time to bookmark the storage of winter stocks.
Daily lunar calendar for the gardener and gardener of Siberia for 2019
Many vegetable and fruit crops have the same crop dates, but still there are some differences. On these dates, you can not only sow seedlings, but also transplant plants from the greenhouse to the open garden.
For ease of perception of information, it is presented in the form of a table:
|Month||Culture and sowing days|
|February||Eggplant, cucumber, pepper, tomato - 9–13.15–17|
Melons and gourds, zucchini, physalis —11–13.15–17
Legumes - 11–13, 15–17
Greens - 7.8, 11–13.16.16
All types of cabbage - 11–13, 15–17
Onions (all types), garlic - 8.11–13.16.16
Root crops - 24,25,28
Potatoes - 24–25.28
bulbous and tuberous —24–28
|April||Eggplant, cucumber, pepper, tomato - 6-8,11–13, 17,18|
Melons, zucchini, physalis - 6-8,11–13, 17,18
Legumes - 6–12.15–18
Greens - 6–12, 15–18
All types of cabbage - 6-8, 11–13, 17, 18
Onions (all types), garlic - 20, 21, 24–26
Root crops - 20, 21, 24–26
Potatoes - 20, 21, 24–26
grassy - 6–12, 15–18
bulbous and tuberous - 20, 21, 24–26
Fruit trees - 6–12, 15–18
Berries - 6–12, 15–18
|May||Eggplant, cucumber, pepper, tomato - 8–17|
Melons, zucchini, physalis —8–17
Legumes - 8–10,13–17
Greens - 8–10,13–17
All types of cabbage - 8–10.15–17
Onions (all types), garlic - 21–23, 26–28, 31
Root crops - 21–23, 26–28, 31
Potatoes - 21–23, 26–28, 31
grassy - 7–10, 13–17
bulbous and tuberous —21–23, 26–28, 31
Fruit trees —8–10, 15–17
Berries - 6, 9, 10, 15-17
|June||Eggplant, cucumber, pepper, tomato —5-8, 13–16|
Melons, zucchini, physalis - 5–8, 13–16
Legumes - 5, 6, 9–16
Greens - 5, 6, 9–16
All types of cabbage - 5, 6, 9–16
Onions (all types), garlic - 1, 23, 27–29
Root crops - 1, 23, 27–29
Potatoes - 1, 23, 27–29
grassy - 5, 6, 9–16
bulbous and tuberous - 1, 23, 27–29
Fruit trees - 9–12
Berries - 5, 6, 9–16
|July||Eggplant, cucumber, pepper, tomato - 4-6, 8-12, 15|
Melons, zucchini, physalis - 4–6, 8–12, 15
Legumes - 4, 6–12, 15
Greens - 4, 6–12, 15
All types of cabbage - 4, 8–11, 15
Onions (all types), garlic —20–22, 25–27
Root crops - 20–22, 25–27
Potatoes - 20–22, 25–27
grassy - 4, 6–12, 15
bulbous and tuberous - 1, 22–24, 26–28, 31
Fruit trees - 4, 6–12, 15
Berries - 4, 6–12, 15
|August||Greens —3-8, 11–13|
Onions (all types), garlic —21–23, 26, 27
Root crops - 2, 19–25, 28, 29
Potatoes - 2, 19–25, 28, 29
grassy —3–8, 11–13
bulbous and tuberous —21–23, 26, 27
Berries - 3–8, 11–13
Fruit trees —3–8, 11–13
|September||Greens - 1, 3–5, 8, 9|
Onions (all types), garlic - 17–19, 22–24
Root crops - 17–19, 22–24
Potatoes - 15-21, 24-26, 29-30
bulbous and tuberous - 17–19, 22–24
Berries - 1–4, 7–9, 12.13
Fruit trees — 1–4, 7–9
|October||Greens - 1,2, 5, 6, 11|
Onions (all types), garlic - 15–16, 19–21
Root crops - 15–16, 19–21
Potatoes - 14–17, 22, 23, 26, 27
bulbous and tuberous - 15, 16, 19-21
Categorically, you should not plant or sow, transplant (for all plants) on such days of 2019:
- February - 3, 4, 5, 19;
- March - 3, 4, 5, 6, 21, 31;
- April - 1, 5, 19, 27, 28;
- May - 5, 19, 24, 25;
- June - 3, 17, 20, 21;
- July - 2, 17, 18, 19;
- August - 1, 14.15, 30;
- September - 10, 11, 14, 28;
- October - 7, 8, 28.
Tips from experienced gardeners and gardeners for beginners
Experienced farmers recommend referring to the lunar calendar and to the generally accepted rules of land work:
- Check the calendar with weather forecasts: planting tubers or root crops on a rainy day will not yield crops, even if it is the most successful lunar day.
- Pruning and pinching, pinching will do less harm to plants if carried out in a decreasing phase.
- Preferably to harvest a certain culture on the same zodiac daywhen he was planted. Make notes for yourself. This approach preserves winter stocks longer.
- If you follow the advice of ancestors regarding lunar influence, then in the care of the garden, you need to use folk remedies, not chemistry.
- Always need clearly plan plantings, observe crop rotation and the proximity of plants. There are cultures that inhibit other plants. There are vegetables with the same disease.
- Is always you need to remember the difference in the frequency and amount of watering for certain cultures.
- Be sure to carefully clean the area before each landing. Dig the soil in advance, saturating with oxygen. Fertilize the soil to saturate with nutrients.
Did you know? The word "calendar" has ancient Roman roots: "calendars" called the days of calculation of debtors with their creditors, these days fell at the beginning of the month.
Observation of the Earth's satellite, of course, bears fruit in horticulture and vegetable growing. However, one should not forget about the simple rules of agricultural technology and crop care.